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ต่อจาก ตอนที่ 2

การสร้างประโยคคำถามโดยใช้  Question words

Active voice Passive voice
Positive Interrogative Positive Interrogative
Jim knocks out Tom.

Jim knocks out Tom.

Wipa can see Nida at school.

Wipa can see Nida at school.

Wipa can see Nida at school

The man is washing the dishes.

The man is washing the dishes.

The man is washing the dishes.

Who knocks out Tom?

Whom (Who) does Jim knock out?

Who can see Nida at school?

Whom (WHO) can Wipa see at school?

Where can Wipa see Nida?

Who is washing the dishes?

What is the man washing?

What is the man doing?

Tom is knocks out by Jim

Tom is knocks out by Jim

Nida can be seen by Wipa at school.

Nida can be seen by Wipa at school.

Nida can be seen by Wipa at school.

The dishes are being washed by the man.

The dishes are being washed by the man.

The dishes are being washed by the man.

Who is knocks out by Jim?

By whom is Tom knocks out?

Who can be seen by Wipa at school.

By whom can Nida  be seen by at school.

Where can Nida be seen by Wipa

What are1 being washed by the man.

By whom are the dishes being washed?

What are the dishes being done (by the man) ?

Active voice Passive voice
Positive Interrogative Positive Interrogative
The girl has taken some paper.

The girl has taken some paper.

The girl has taken some paple.

Jim knocked out Tom.

Jim knocked out Tom.

Jim knocked out Tom.

Wipa could see Nida at school.

Who has taken any paper?

What has the girl taken

What has the girl done?

Who knocked out Tom?

Whom (Who) did Jim knock out?

What did Jim do?

Who could see Nida at school?

Some paper has been taken by the girl.

Some paper has been taken by the girl.

Some paper has been taken by the girl.

Tom was knocked out by Jim

Tom was knocked out by Jim

Tom was knocked out by Jim

Nida could be seen by Wipa at school..

What has been taken by the girl?

By whom has any paper been taken?

What has any paper been don (by the girl)?

Who was knocked out by Jim?

By whom was Tom knocked out?

What was Tom done (by Jim)?

Who could be seen by Wipa at school?

Active voice Passive voice
Positive Interrogative Positive Interrogative
Wipa could see Nida at school.

Wipa could see Nida at school.

The man was washing the dishes.

The man was washing the dishes.

The man was washing the dishes.

The girl had taken some paper.

The girl had taken some paper.

The girl had taken some paper.

The girl had taken some paper before she wrote the letter.

They will drink some wine at the party.

They will drink some wine at the party.

They will drink some wine at the party next week.

Tom and Jim will drink some wine at the party next week.

Whom (Who) did Jim knock out?

Where could Wipa see Nida?

Who was washing the dishes?

What was the man washing?

What was the man doing?

Who had taken any paper?

What had the girl taken?

What had the girl done?

When had the girl taken any paper?

What will they drink at the party?

Where will they drink any wine?

When will they drink some win at the party?

Who will drink any wine at the party next week?

Nida could be seen by Wipa at school.

Nida could be seen by Wipa at school.

The dishes were being washed by the man.

The dishes were being washed by the man.

The dishes were being washed by the man.

Some paper had been taken by the girl.

Some paper had been taken by the girl.

Some paper had been taken by the girl.

Some paper had been taken by the girl before she wrote the letter (before the letter was written.)

Some wine will be drunk by tem at the party.

Some wine will be drunk by tem at the party.

Some win will be drunk by them at the party next week.

Some wing will be drunk by Tom and Jim at the party next week.

By Whom could Nida be see at school?

Where could Nida be seen by Wipa?

What were being washed by the man?

By whom were the dishes being washed?

What were the dishes being done (by the man)?

By whom had any paper been taken?

What had any paper been done (by the girl)?

When had any paper been taken?

When had any paper been taken?

What will be drunk by them at the party?

Where will any wine be drunk by them?

When will any wine be drunk by them at the party?

What will be drunk by Tom and Jim at the party next week?

Active voice Passive voice
Positive Interrogative Positive Interrogative
Tom and Jim will drink some wine at the party next week because they have just finished their education. Why will Tom and Jim drink any wine at the party next week? Some wine will be drunk by Tom and Jim at the party next week because they have just finished their education. Why will any wine be drunk by Tom and Jim at the party next week?

EXERCISE 1

Change the following sentences into Passive voice.

  1. The class studies ten books a year.
  2. A bad driver causes an accident.
  3. Two oxen pull the plough.
  4. Mr. Smith can teach me.
  5. George is beating the small boy.
  6. The gardeners are cutting a big tree.
  7. The policeman is chasing the thief.
  8. Henry is doing the work well.
  9. The baby has dropped the cup.
  10. Tom and Tim have struck the donkey.
  11. Do the servants keep the rooms clean?
  12. Does the boy understand the lesson?
  13. Is the cook preparing the food?
  14. Are the men hitting a snake?
  15. Has the postman delivered any letters?
  16. Have the women finished their work?
  17. Who marks your book?
  18. Where does the master buy the books?
  19. Who is selling the things?
  20. Who has broken the window?

EXERCISE 2

Change the following sentences into Passive voice.

  1. The dentist pulled out one of my teeth.
  2. The wind could shake the tree.
  3. The teacher might punish him.
  4. The policeman was catching the thief while we were sleeping last night.
  5. The boys were breaking the door when I came back.
  6. Edward had opened the bag before I went out.
  7. All of them had finished the work before the teacher arrived.
  8. The servant was not picking the flowers while we were working.
  9. The gardeners were not picking the flowers while we were working.
  10. Edward did not give me any money.
  1. Did Jack eat the apples?
  2. Who visited me yesterday?
  3. When did the boys break the window?
  4. Where were you reading the message when the man saw you?
  5. Who had come into the house before your parents arrived?

EXERCISE 3

Change the following sentences into Passive voice.

  1. Jane will sing a song now.
  2. I shall send the money to him.
  3. He will do the work easily.
  4. They won’t rob the bank.
  5. We shan’t tell you the answer.
  6. Will Henry help her?
  7. When will she receive the letter?
  8. Who will visit us tomorrow?
  9. Why will his father punish him?
  10. Where will Nipa meet you tomorrow?

EXERCISE 4

Change the following sentences (Passive voice) into Active voice.

  1. He is knocked down by the bus.
  2. A ball is being caught by her.
  3. Your breakfast has been had by you.
  4. Three books were read by us last night.
  5. Christmas was celebrated by some Thai people.
  6. The branches of the tree were being shaken by the wind while I was walking a long the road.
  7. You had been watched by the teacher before you arrived.
  8. A building will be built by those builders.
  9. We shall be found by the stranger.
  10. Petrol is being gone to make from coal by them.

EXERCISE 5

Change the sentences, Passive voice in Exercise 4 into negative sentences.

EXERCISE 6

Change the sentences, Passive voice in Exercise 4 into Simple questions and answer “Yes” for the question 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and answer “No” for the others.

EXERCISE 7

Make Information questions from the underlined words given in each sentence.

  1. French can be read by the little boy.
  2. Tom was showed the way by the old man last night.
  3. The letter has been written by him since yesterday.
  4. Marry was told a lie by him.
  5. The monks were given some food by us.
  6. A speech was being made by Professor Bray while every student was listening to him carefully yesterday.
  7. The suit had been made by a good tailor before he got married.
  8. Chothes will be washed by a poor boy tomorrow.
  9. Many questions will be asked by them tonight because they want to know the truth.
  10. I shall be punished by my parents if I am lazy.

INTEGRATED EXERCISE

Fill in each blank with suitable vordo from the brankets.

  1. His leg ………………….. since last month.

(is broken, was broken, has been broken, is being broken)

  1. Many children ………………….. by them every day.

(is seen, were seen, are seen, have been seen, will see)

  1. Rice in the field ………………….. by the farmer now.

(has been grown, is being grown, had been grown, was grown)

  1. A lot of money ………………….. by him before he was a doctor.

(was spent, had been spent, is being spent, will be spent)

  1. Some wine ………………….. by my father every morning.

(is being drunk, will be drunk, is drunk, had been drunk)

  1. A truth ………………….. by a proverb all time.

(are told, is told, is being told, has been told, was being told)

  1. ………………….. the flowers ………………….. by you?

(Do – like, Are – liked, Is – liked, Does – like, Will – like)

  1. The chair ………………….. not ………………….. on by her while I was talking to her.

(is – being sat, was – being sat, had – been sat, will – be sat)

  1. My homework ………………….. by you last night.

(can finish, could finish, can be finished, could be finished)

  1. The sound ………………….. by her yesterday.

(may hear, might hear, may be heard, might be heard)

ANSWER KEY

EXERCISE  1

  1. Ten books are studied by the class a year.
  2. An accident is caused by a bad driver.
  3. The plough are pulled by two oxen.
  4. I can be taught by Mr. Smith.
  5. The small boy is being beaten by George.
  6. A big tree is being cut by the gardeners.
  7. The thief is being chased by the policeman.
  8. The work is being done well by Henry.
  9. The cup has been dropped by the baby.
  10. The donkey has been struck by Tom and Tim.
  11. Are the rooms kept clean by the servants?
  12. Is the lesson understood by the boy?
  13. Is the food being prepared by the cook?
  14. Is a snake being hit by the men?
  15. Have any letters been delivered by the postman?
  16. Has their work been finished by the woman?
  17. By whom is your book marked?
  18. Where are the books bought by the master?
  19. By whom are the things being sold?
  20. By whom has the window been broken?
EXERCISE  2

  1. One of my teeth was pulled out by the dentist.
  2. The tree could be shaken by the wind.
  3. He might be punished by the teacher.
  4. The thief was being caught by the policeman while we were sleeping last night.
  5. The door was being broken by the boys when I came back.
  6. The back had been opened by Edward before I went out.
  7. The work had been finished by all of them before the teacher arrived.
  8. The bell was not being rung by the servant when we reached.
  9. The flowers were not being picked by the gardeners while we were working.
  10. I was not given any money by Edward. / Any money was not given to me by Edward.
  1. Were the apples eaten by Jack?
  2. By whom was I visited yesterday?
  3. When was the window broken by the boys?
  4. Where was the message being read by you when the man saw you? / Where was the message being read by you when you were seen by the man?
  5. By whom had the house been come into before your parents arrived?
EXERCISE  3

  1. A song will be sung by Jane now.
  2. He will be sent the money by me. / The money will be sent to him by me.
  3. The work will be done easily by him.
  4. The bank won’t be robbed by them.
  5. You will be told the answer by us. / The answer will be told to you by us.
  6. Will she be helped by Henry?
  7. When will the lette3r be received by her?
  8. By whom will we be visited tomorrow? / By whom shall we be visited tomorrow?
  9. Why will he be punished by his father?
  10. Where will you be met by Nipa tomorrow?
EXERCISE  4

  1. The bus knocks down him.
  2. She is catching a ball.
  3. You have had your breakfast.
  4. We read three books last night.
  5. Some Thai people celebrated Christmas.
  6. The wind was shaking the branches of the tree while I was walking a long the road.
  7. The teacher had watched you before you arrived.
  8. Those builders will build a building.
  9. The stranger will find us.
  10. They are going to make petrol from coal.
EXERCISE  5

  1. He is not knocked down by the bus.
  2. A ball is not being caught by her.
  3. Your breakfast has not been had by you.
  4. Three books were not read by us last night.
  5. Christmas was not celebrated by any Thai people.
  6. The branches of the tree were not being shaken by the wind while I was walking a long the road.
  7. You had not been watched by the teacher before you arrived.
  8. A building will not be built by those builders.
  9. We shall not be found by the stranger.
  10. Petrol is not being gone to make from coal by them.
EXERCISE  6

  1. Is he knocked down by a bus?

Yes, he is.

  1. Is a ball being caught by her?

No, it isn’t.

  1. Has you breakfast been had by you?

Yes, it has.

  1. Were three books read by us last night.

No, they aren’t.

  1. Was Christmas celebrated by any Thai people?

Yes, it was.

  1. Were the branches of the tree being shaken by the wind while I was walking a long the road?

No, they weren’t.

  1. Had you been watched by the teacher before you arrived?

Yes, I (we) had.

  1. Will a building be built by those builders?

No, it won’t.

  1. Shall we be found by the stranger?

Yes, we shall. / Yes, you will.

  1. Is petrol being gone to make from coal by them?

No, it isn’t.

EXERCISE  7

  1. By whom can French be read?
  2. When was Tom showed the Way by the old man?
  3. What has been written by him since yesterday?
  4. Who was told a lie by him?
  5. What were the monks given by us?
  6. by whom was a speech being made while every student was listening to him carefully yesterday?
  7. when had the suit been made by a good tailor?
  8. What will be washed by a poor boy tomorrow?
  9. Why will many questions be asked by them tonight?
  10. By whom will you be punished if you are lazy?
INTEGRATED EDERCISE

  1. has been broken
  2. are seen
  3. is being grown
  4. had been spent / was spent
  5. is drunk
  6. is told
  7. Are – liked
  8. was – being sat
  9. could be finished
  10. might be heard

***************เรียบเรียงโดย อ.กษิรา เดโชพุทธิโภคิน (โรงเรียนอุดมดรุณี จ.สุโขทัย)