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SIMPLE PAST TENSE

ใช้ในเหตุการณ์ดังต่อไปนี้

  1. ใช้เหตุการณ์ที่เกิดขึ้นและสิ้นสุดลงแล้วในอดีต  มักจะมี  Adverb of time  ที่แสดงอดีตอยู่ใน

ประโยคนั้น ๆ ด้วย  เช่น  last……………,  ago,  yesterday, the day before yesterday  เป็นต้น

She went to London last month.

I could play the piano yesterday.

The teacher went out two hours ago.

He could not sing that song last week.

They visited their parents in Bangkok the day before yesterday.

  1. ใช้แสดงเหตุการณ์ที่กระทำเป็นประจำในอดีต  แต่บัดนี้ไม่ได้กระทำสิ่งนั้น  หรือไม่ได้เป็น

เช่นนั้นแล้ว  เช่น

He was clever when he was a prathom student.

He went out for a walk every morning in 1968.

They used to have lunch at the restaurant every day.

She used to get up early in the morning

The fat man liked eating when he was a boy.

We worked very hard when we lived in a country.

โครงสร้าง Simple past tense    :      S  +     +  (o)

  1. V2  คือ  กริยาหลักช่องที่  2  ซึ่งได้แก่

1.  Verb to be (was, were)

2.  Verb to have (has)

3.  Verb  อื่น ๆ  เช่น  went, played, ate, …………………… etc

  1. Auxiliary verbs  ที่ใช้ใน  Simple past tense  นั้นคือ  รูปอดีตของ  Auxiliary verbs  ที่ใช้ใน  Simple present tense  ได้แก่  could, might, ought to, used to  เมื่อ  Simple past tense  มี  Auxiliary verbs  เหล่านี้อยู่ในประโยค
Positive Negative
I could swim yesterday.

You might go home last night.

They ought to sleep late last night.

The teacher could teach well last year.

I could not swim yesterday.

You might not go home last night.

They ought not to sleep late last night.

The teacher could not teach well last year.

  1. ถ้า  Simple past tense  ไม่มี  Verb to be, Verb to have  หรือ Auxiliary verbs  ใดๆ

อยู่ในประโยค  จะเปลี่ยนเป็นประโยคปฏิเสธได้โดยใช้  Verb to do (did)  เช่นเดียวกับ  Simple past tense  ที่มี  Verb to have  ในประโยคและกริยาหลักต้องเปลี่ยนเป็นรูป  Simple form  เสมอ  เช่น

Positive Negative
Bill slept in class.

We studied English.

She knew Bill.

They liked you.

He killed a snake yesterday.

The baby cried last night.

The leaves fell from the tree.

The little duck swam in the pool.

Bill did not sleep in class.

We did not study English.

She did not know Bill.

They did not like you.

He did not kill a snake yesterday.

The baby did not cry last night.

The leaves did not fell from the tree.

The little duck did not swim in the pool.

การเปลี่ยน  Simple past tense  ให้อยู่ในรูปคำถาม

  1. แบบ  Yes – No question

1.1                     ถ้า  Simple past tense  มี  Verb to be, Verb to have,  หรือ  Auxiliary verbs  อื่น ๆ  ให้ใช้

Verbs  อื่น ๆ  ให้ใช้  Auxiliary verbs  ดังกล่าวช่วยในการสร้างประโยคคำถาม

Positive Interrogative Answer
He was a student.

They were workers.

I was lazy.

He had a book.

Was he a student?

Wasn’t he a student?

Were they workers?

Weren’t they workers?

Was I lazy?

Wasn’t I lazy?

Had he a book?

Hadn’t he a book?

Did he have a book?

Didn’t he have a book?

Yes, he was a student.

Yes, he was.

No, he was not a student.

No, he was not.

Yes, they were workers.

Yes, they were.

No, they wore not workers.

No, they were not.

Yes, you were. lazy.

Yes, you were.

No, you were not lazy.

No, you were not.

Yes, he had a book.

Yes, he had.

No, he had not a book.

No, he had not

Yes, he had a book.

Yes, he did.

Positive Interrogative Answer
We had a car

They could speak Thai.

Had we a car?

Hadn’t we a car?

Did We have a car?

Didn’t we have a car?

Could the speak Thai?

Couldn’t the speak Thai?

No, he did not have a book.

No, he did not.

Yes, we had a car.

Yes, we had.

No, we had not a car.

No, we had not.

Yes, we had a car.

Yes, we did.

No, we did not have a car.

No, we did not.

Yes, they could speak Thai.

Yes, they could.

No, they could not speak Thai.

No, they could not.

1.2                     ถ้า  Simple past tense  ไม่มี  Verb to be, Verb to have  หรือ  Auxiliary verbs  ใด ๆ

อยู่ในประโยคให้ใช้  Verb to do  ในการสร้างประโยคคำถามเช่นเดียวกับประโยคปฏิเสธ

Positive Interrogative Answer
They ate rice.

She knew them.

Did they eat rice?

Didn’t they eat rice?

Did she know them?

Didn’t she know them?

Yes, they ate rice.

Yes, they did.

No, they did not eat rice.

No, they did not.

Yes, she knew them.

Yes, she did.

No, she did not know them.

No, she did not.

  1. การสร้างคำถามโดยใช้  Question words  มีข้อสังเกตและวิธีการเช่นเดียวกับ  Simple present tense

กล่าวคือ

2.1                     ถ้า  Simple past tense  มี  Verb to be, Verb to have  หรือมี  Auxiliary verbs  อื่น ๆ

อยู่ในประโยคให้ใช้  Verb to be, Verb to have  หรือ  Auxiliary verbs  ดังกล่าวช่วยในการสร้างประโยคคำถาม  เช่น

Positive (Answer) Interrogative
Verb to be

Mr. Manat was a teacher.

Mr. Manat was a tercher in 1956.

Mr. Manat was a teacher in a university in

Bangkok in 1956.

Mr. Manat was a teacher in a university in

Bangkok in 1956.

I was a policeman for many years.

I was a policeman for many years.

I was a policeman for many years.

Thida and Nida were at home.

Thida and Nida were at home last week.

Thida and Nida were at home last week.

What was Mr. Manat?

When was Mr. Manat a teacher?

Where was Mr. Manat a teacher in 1956?

Who was a teacher in a university in

Bangkok in 1956?

What were you for many years?

How long were you a policeman?

Who was a policeman for many years?

Where were Thida and Nida?

When were Thida and Nida at home?

Who was at home last week?

Verb to have

Nipa had a cat.

Nipa had a cat.

Nipa had a cat when she was a girl.

The workers had a big car.

The workers had a big car.

The workers a big car for their work.

What had Nipa?

What did Nipa have?

Who had a cat?

When had Nipa a cat?

When did Nipa have a cat?

What had the workers?

What did the workers have?

Who had a big car?

Why had the workers a big car?

Why did the workers have a big car?

Auxiliary verbs

I could sleep at my home.

I could sleep at my home because I felt

safe.

I could sleep at my home because I felt

Safe

He might go out at 4 p.m.

He might go out by bus.

Peter might go out by bus at 4 p.m.

Nittaya could help you.

Nittaya could help you.

Where could you sleep?

Why could you sleep at your home?

Who could sleep at your home because

you felt safe?

When might he go out?

How might he go out?

Who might go out by bus at 4 p.m.?

Who (Whom) could Nittaya help?

Who could help you?

Positive (Answer) Interrogative
Wipa ought to blame me badly.

Wipa ought to blame me badly.

Wipa ought to blame me badly.

How ought Wipa to blame you?

Who (whom) ought Wipa to blame badly?

Who ought to blame you badly?

2.2                     ถ้า  Simple past tense  ไม่มี  Verb to be, Verb to have  หรือ  Auxiliary verbs  ใด ๆ

ในประโยคให้ใช้  Verb to do (did)  ช่วยในการสร้างประโยคคำถามเช่นเดียวกับรูปประโยคปฏิเสธ  หรือคำถามแบบ  Yes – No question  และกริยาหลักต้องเปลี่ยนเป็นรูป  Simple form  เสมอ  เช่น

Positive Interrogative
Bill slept in that room.

Bill slept in that room last night.

Bill slept in that room last night.

Bill slept with his father in that room

last night.

They studied English.

They studied English yesterday.

They studied English with an English teacher from London.

Malinee and Panya studied English whit an English teacher from London.

She knew Billy.

She knew Billy in the town.

She knew Billy in the town a few days ago.

Preeya knew Billy at the party a few days ago.

The students has lunch at the hall.

The students has lunch at the hall.

The students had lunch at the hall.

The buffalo pulled the cart.

The buffalo pulled the cart yesterday.

The buffalo pulled the cart yesterday.

Tomas drank coffee this morning.

Tomas drank coffee this morning.

Where did Bill sleep?

When did Bill sleep in that room?

Who slept in that room last night?

Who (Whom) did Bill sleep with in that room last night?

What did they study?

When did they study English?

Who (Whom) did they study English with?

Who studied English with an English teacher from London?

Who (Whom) did she know?

Where did she know Billy?

When did she know Billy in the town?

Who knew Billy at the party a few days ago?

What did students do at the hall?

Where did the students have lunch?

Who had lunch at the hall?

What did the buffalo pull?

When did the buffalo pull the cart?

What pulled the cart yesterday?

What did Tomas drink this morning?

Who drank coffee this morning?

***************เรียบเรียงโดย อ.กษิรา เดโชพุทธิโภคิน (โรงเรียนอุดมดรุณี จ.สุโขทัย)